This is a skin disease, still poorly documented, more frequently described on Sphynx cats and on Humans.
On Sphynx cats, it is widely supposed that the disorder is inherited. A study concerning 5 Devon Rex cats with this disease also emphasize a potential genetic origin: the affected cases seem to
be those with less hair (which might be more related to the Sphynx phenotype).
It is supposed that this disease is closely related to allergic phenomenon (due to parasites or environment, food allergy.etc.) which could be the trigger factor of the dermatitis.
The affected cats are young. They have a maculo-papular eruption which is often pruriginous: these are erythematous papules ("red spots"), sometimes crusted, with or without hyperpigmented
macula. Their distribution is either linear and symmetric on the ventral lateral side of the trunk or disseminated on the ventral aspect of the thorax and/or the neck. They can cause
Sometimes, a greasy seborrhoea on the head and the dorsum is in more observed.
Other dermatitis can lead to those skin lesions like atopic dermatitis, food hypersensitivity, flea bite hypersensitivity, dermatophytosis (moth), mast cell tumor, superficial bacterial folliculitis, or Malassezia dermatitis. A recent study (2012) shows that 3 Devon Rex cats who had urticaria pigmentosa-like dermatitis, had also a dermatophytosis. The authors concluded that papular eosinophilic/mastocytic dermatitis in Devon Rex cats may represent either an atypical presentation of dermatophytosis or a clinical and histological reaction pattern to various diseases, including dermatophytosis and allergic diseases. That's why skin examination and analysis are necessary to make the diagnosis.
The definitive diagnosis requires skin biopsy. The dermis is infiltrated by well-differentiated degranulated or nondegranulated mast cells and eosinophils (= immune cells involved in allergic reactions).
In general, the condition is successfully controlled with prednisolone (glucocorticoïds) at anti-inflammatory doses, essentials fatty acids oral administration and sometimes with
anti-histaminics. The evolution is chronic with ups and downs (some allergies could trigger "attacks"). The condition relapses when the treatments are discontinued but prognosis remains
It is currently unknown if, as in the Human condition, it exists a more severe form becoming widespread to other organs.